AskDefine | Define Sal

User Contributed Dictionary

see sal



Proper noun

  1. Diminutive of the male given names Samuel and Salvador.
  2. Diminutive of the female given name Sally.
  3. One of the Cape Verde islands.

Extensive Definition

For other meanings of Sal or SAL see SAL (disambiguation)
Sal (Shorea robusta) is a species of tree native to southern Asia, ranging south of the Himalaya, from Myanmar in the east to India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. In India it extends from Assam, Bengal and Jharkhand west to the Shivalik Hills in Haryana, east of the Yamuna. The range also extends through the Eastern Ghats and to the eastern Vindhya and Satpura ranges of central India. It is often the dominant tree in the forests where it occurs.


Sal is moderate to slow growing, and can attain heights of 30 to 35 m and a trunk diameter of up to 2-2.5 m. The leaves are 10-25 cm long and 5-15 cm broad. In wetter areas, it is evergreen; in drier areas, it is dry-season deciduous, shedding most of the leaves in between February to April, leafing out again in April and May.


Sal is one of the most important sources of hardwood timber in India, with hard, coarse-grained wood that is light in colour when freshly cut, and becoming dark brown with exposure. The wood is resinous and durable, and is sought after for construction, although not well suited to planing and polishing.
Sal resin is burned as incense in Hindu ceremonies, and sal seeds and fruit are a source of lamp oil and vegetable fat.



External links

Sal in German: Salbaum
Sal in French: Sal (plante)
Sal in Japanese: 娑羅双樹
Sal in Swedish: Salträd
Sal in Tamil: குங்கிலியம்
Sal in Thai: สาละ
Sal in Chinese: 沙羅雙樹
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