- Rhymes: -æl
- For other meanings of Sal or SAL see SAL (disambiguation)
DescriptionSal is moderate to slow growing, and can attain heights of 30 to 35 m and a trunk diameter of up to 2-2.5 m. The leaves are 10-25 cm long and 5-15 cm broad. In wetter areas, it is evergreen; in drier areas, it is dry-season deciduous, shedding most of the leaves in between February to April, leafing out again in April and May.
UsesSal is one of the most important sources of hardwood timber in India, with hard, coarse-grained wood that is light in colour when freshly cut, and becoming dark brown with exposure. The wood is resinous and durable, and is sought after for construction, although not well suited to planing and polishing.
Sal resin is burned as incense in Hindu ceremonies, and sal seeds and fruit are a source of lamp oil and vegetable fat.
Sal in German: Salbaum
Sal in French: Sal (plante)
Sal in Japanese: 娑羅双樹
Sal in Swedish: Salträd
Sal in Tamil: குங்கிலியம்
Sal in Thai: สาละ
Sal in Chinese: 沙羅雙樹